410px ceiling of palazzo barberini

Allegory of Divine Providence

circa 1633 - 1639

Why is it canonical?

This ceiling fresco uniquely employs all three of the common illusionistic systems of the period: quatratura, quadri riportati, and di sotto in su (meaning looking from below, or deriving the perspective from a point of view below). As is common for Baroque, but very much exemplified here, the allegory draws from Classicism for a moral purpose, blended with symbols of the work's patrons..

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410px ceiling of palazzo barberini

Pietro da Cortona, Allegory of Divine Providence